USMLE Forum Archives - USMLE Step 1 - Micro Mnemonic 18
Micro Mnemonic 18
dinmenace - 08-26-09 06:42 Bookmark and Share

Teratogens: placenta-crossing organisms ToRCHeS:

Toxoplasma
Rubella
CMV
Herpes simplex, Herpes zoster (varicella), Hepatitis B,C,E
Syphilis


Alternatively: TORCHES: with Others (parvo, listeria), add HIV to H's,
Enteroviruses.

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#1
Re: Micro Mnemonic 18
mtniharika - 09-10-09 12:14

Included in OTHERS are listeria,parvovirus,plasmodium,coxsackievirus,VZV

Placental resistance to organisms could be due to -
1.immunological attack
2.physical barrier
3.phagocytic activity
4 antiviral and ntibacterial properties

#2
Re: Micro Mnemonic 18
dinmenace - 10-07-09 02:09

When physical examination of the newborn shows signs of the TORCH syndrome, the examiner may test blood, urine, and spinal fluid for evidence of the infections listed above. Diagnosis can be confirmed by culture of one of the specific pathogens or by increased levels of IgM against the pathogen.

#3
Re: Micro Mnemonic 18
mtniharika - 10-07-09 10:35

the TORCH infections may have serious effects on the baby, including:

communication\ \education, including reading, writing, and basic math\ \motor function\ \personal care, such as bathing, dressing, eating, and toileting\ \social skills\ \thinking skills, such as decision making, problem solving, and self-direction\ \working\ ',CAPTION,'Mental Retardation');" onmouseout="return nd();">mental retardation
learning, behavioral, or emotional problems
microcephaly, or small head and brain size
jaundice, or an abnormal yellow color of the skin and eyes
anemia, or low red blood cell counts
low birthweight or poor growth inside the womb
blindness or other vision problems, such as cataracts, a clouding of the lens of the eye
deafness
congenital heart disease, or heart defects that are present at birth
skin rash or scarring

#4
Re: Micro Mnemonic 18
dinmenace - 10-07-09 11:09

great work niharika keep them coming :)

#5
Re: Micro Mnemonic 18
mtniharika - 10-07-09 14:48

thank u...n sure..

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